Communities of color, immigrants, and refugees often experience disparities in the ability to access homeownership, find housing that supports multigenerational households, and live in healthy neighborhoods close to parks and schools, among other inequitable housing outcomes.
For example, city staff conducted research that demonstrates that neighborhoods with mostly single-family zoning in Beaverton are significantly white and less racially diverse than multifamily neighborhoods. The people that live in these neighborhoods are also more likely to own their homes, providing long-term financial security through the ability to build equity in their homes and share this wealth with future generations.
Of all communities of color, the Latinx community is least likely to live in neighborhoods with mostly single-family zoning. They are four times more likely to live in neighborhoods with mostly multifamily zoning. Other groups that are less likely to live in neighborhoods with mostly single-family zoning include people that are Black, multiracial or identify as “some other race” on census forms.
Census-based research also indicates that there is a correlation between growing up in these Beaverton neighborhoods and improved outcomes in adulthood. The data does not tell us why but encourages people to think of local solutions that might help improve educational and financial outcomes for children that grow up in different types of neighborhoods. Eliminating housing disparities might be one way to help improved outcomes for these children.